Within this multilateral framework, the Commission intends to improve export competition and market access, particularly for food and drink in the EU. However, other countries with which the United States generally enters into multilateral agreements are countries with high trade rules. The United States is having difficulty facilitating the import and export of goods without a multilateral agreement. The fourth drawback is that of small businesses in a country. A multilateral agreement gives a competitive advantage to large multinationals. They are already familiar with the operation in a global environment. As a result, small businesses cannot compete. They lay off workers to reduce costs. Others relocate their factories to countries where living standards are lower. If a region depended on this industry, it would have high unemployment rates. This makes multilateral agreements unpopular.
In March 2016, the U.S. government and the Peruvian government agreed to remove barriers to U.S. beef exports to Peru, which had been in effect since 2003. The EU has concluded or negotiated such bilateral trade agreements with the benefits of large companies, but not small businesses. This makes multilateral agreements unpopular. Multilateral agreements are difficult to implement. Another problem with multilateral agreements is that other countries engage with the United States and impose requirements that hurt the United States against multilateral trade agreements, and bilateral trade agreements are easier to negotiate because only two nations are parties to the agreement. Bilateral trade agreements are initiating and reaping trade benefits faster than multilateral agreements. The pros and cons of multilateral and bilateral agreements do not seem to favour each other.
However, it is not clear that without the participation and leadership of the United States as key supporters, the fate of multilateral agreements and whether globalization will continue. It is an interesting experience that awaits results. The advantage of a bilateral agreement is that it is easier to negotiate since it involves only two countries; to come into force more quickly and reap more trade benefits. They are easier to apply, especially if arbitration is the appropriate way to resolve a dispute. Are we looking at whether a bilateral or multilateral trade agreement would better serve U.S. interests? President Trump`s strategy to remove the United States from participation in multilateral agreements should be allowed until this experiment is concluded.